Profile of treatment
The environmental climate of the "Wieliczka" Salt Mine is fundamentally different from the climate on the surface of the earth. The special curing properties of salt chambers are determined, among others, by a high saturation of air with a sodium chloride aerosol, produced by the constant process of leaching and weathering of the rock salt. The underground aerosol is extremely clean in microbiological and palynological terms.
The activities of the "Wieliczka" Salt Mine Health Resort are addressed primarily to people suffering from diseases of upper and lower respiratory tract, such as:
- bronchial asthma
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
- recurrent nose, sinuses, pharynx and larynx conditions
- chronic bronchitis and pneumonia
- allergic diseases.
A fundamental role in the mechanism of treatment is performed by a unique microclimate, characterised by:
- exceptional bacteriological purity
- constant air temperature (13°C - 14,5°C)
- high air humidity (approx. 60-75%)
- high sodium chloride contents (24 mg/m3) and elements such as magnesium, manganese and calcium.
The air is free of contaminants, which abound in the environment on the surface of the earth.
Significant air humidity prevents the harmful drying of the respiratory tract mucous membranes, facilitating their toilet and ensuring antifungal properties.
The curing values of the chambers' microclimate result from the natural properties of the rock salt, the appropriate ventilation and humidity of chambers, which is constantly monitored, and the sufficiently large surface of treatment chambers.
An important role is also played by the stimuli provided by the daily climate change produced by descending to Level III of the mine 135 meters